There are many causes of tooth decay, but the results are usually the same–cavities. If not treated properly, tooth decay can destroy the protective enamel on the teeth as well as the tooth's inner dentin material, and a root canal may be necessary. Foods rich in sugar, and a lack of brushing and flossing your teeth regularly are the main culprits that lead to the onset of tooth decay.
Plaque forms when food particles, especially those rich in sugar, are left in the mouth to break down and grow bacteria. Plaque, in conjunction with the food particles, forms a destructive acid that is harmful to the health of your teeth.
In order to prevent cavities, proper oral hygiene is a must. It also helps to be aware of some of the symptoms of tooth decay, such as unusual sensitivity to hot and cold water or foods, a localized pain in your tooth or near the gum line, and teeth that change color.
Good oral hygiene, including brushing with fluoride toothpaste, flossing and rinsing, and even your own saliva can help prevent tooth decay. Chewing a good sugarless gum will stimulate saliva production between brushing.
Baby Bottle Tooth Decay
Even babies are susceptible to tooth decay. This is usually caused when the sugar in breast milk and some juices combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby's mouth that can be harmful to the baby's future primary teeth. Premature tooth decay can hamper the proper formation of permanent teeth.
One of the best ways to avoid baby bottle tooth decay is to not allow your baby to nurse on a bottle while going to sleep. Encouraging your toddler to drink from a cup as early as possible will also help stave off the problems associated with baby bottle tooth decay.